British Parliamentary Government

The Queen, though Head ofthe British Commonwealth, takes a purely formal part in government, which is carried on in
each Commonwealth nation by a Prime Minister, and/or President, and his Cabinet. usually drawn from the membership of its Parliament. The Queen opens Parliament in
Britain by making a speech from the Throne in the House of Lords, and the same ceremony has been carried out by Her
Majesty in Commonwealth nations–though, as she is normally resident in Britain, this is usually the task of the Governor-General, who is the Queen’s representative in those
countries that recognise Her Majesty as Head of State. Other Commonwealth countries (Republics, etc.) have a High Commissioner in place of a Governor- General.

The method of government-usually parliamentary-varies considerably from one Commonwealth country to the next, but the pattern is generally based upon that of Britain, where the Cabinet consists of about nineteen Ministers. The head of the Cabinet is the Prime Minister, whose appointment is made personally by the Queen on the
recommendation of’elder statesmen-senior politicians with a long record in public life.

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